How it can be recognized?
If you are going through these symptoms consistently; weight gain or sudden weight loss, dry skin, trouble sleeping, swelling of legs, slower heart rate, fatigue (tiredness), depression, puffy face, constipation, or feeling cold. Then, these can be thyroid symptoms!!
Thyroid is the most prevalent disorder nowadays and many people suffer from these thyroid symptoms. Majorly seen in India as well. Even for many thyroid patients, weight management has become one of the biggest frustrations.
What actually thyroid means?
Thyroid is a gland that is present in the neck & produces thyroid hormones, which control the body’s metabolism. But there are several conditions that can affect the thyroid, due to which thyroid hormones become imbalanced and produce less amount of these thyroid hormones.
Which have two consequences- either Hypothyroidism or Hyperthyroidism
Both types can affect your body & there are chances that it can create the risk of other diseases as well.
Hypothyroid is majorly linked with Weight gain. It is more widespread and also called as underactive thyroid, in this case, thyroid gland produces less hormone, which slows down the Basal metabolism (BMR). So, you won’t be able to burn off calories quickly and you’ll gain weight.
Prevalence of hypothyroidism
The prevalence of hypothyroidism in India is 11% if compared to only 2% in the UK and 4·6% in the USA. Compared with coastal cities (Mumbai, Goa, and Chennai), cities located inland (Kolkata, Delhi, Ahmadabad, Bangalore, and Hyderabad) have a higher prevalence (11·7% vs 9·5%).
It has been noted that the highest prevalence of hypothyroidism (13·1%) is in people aged 46–54 years, with people aged 18–35 years being less affected (7·5%).
What causes weight gain in Hypothyroidism?
As there is a decrease in BMR in people with hypothyroidism, an under-active thyroid is generally associated with some weight. However this thyroid symptom depends on the severity of hypothyroidism i.e., the more severe your hypothyroidism is, the more weight you’ll gain. The cause of the weight gain can be many and not only the accumulation of excess fat. It is also due to the accumulation of salt and water.
But, if weight gain is the only thyroid symptom that is present, it is less likely that the weight gain is only due to the thyroid.
However, the thyroid cannot be cured but it is manageable. You can manage the thyroid symptom of increasing weight, by taking thyroid medications as prescribed by your doctor.
Or there is another way- you can adopt a regular healthy diet, it sounds lousy na?
but you don’t need to worry.
It would not be an extremely strict, low-calorie diet. Instead, you just need to maintain a balance between the calories you take and the calories you burn off each day to manage the thyroid symptoms. Adopt some diet changes like; Go for protein-rich foods as well as include omega-3 in your diet. Avoid cruciferous foods (vegetables of the mustard family) like; Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kale, Mustard greens, soybean, etc.
One of the best ways to cut those calories is to include antioxidants in your daily diet- which you can get either by citrus fruits and vegetables or via green tea and green coffee which are the most convenient sources present nowadays.